Online Radio Needs PPA Advertising
There have been more than a few articles on ads, within radio industry
trades recently. Just today Radio Ink features one from former Katz
Marketing Solutions President, Bob McCurdy: "Creative Fundamentals That Generate Results."
I have written, produced, or acted as talent in well over 10,000 radio and
television commercials, which is a track record that allows me to comment.
Nearly all of what Bob says is fact. Though, what follows outlines the
problems in these words.
"Let's be frank; you have sales people writing copy and handing it over to production directors who are responsible for imaging and doing commercials for 4-6 stations."
There seems to be a lot said about radio advertising. If published by the
radio industry, it's good. If coming from advertisers, agencies, or veteran
producers of commercials, it's not so good.
To start, let's pull a 2004 quote from Gary Fries, former RAB CEO, on the
first Radio Lab Effectiveness Study titled "How Radio Ads Affect Consumers
": "I was surprised at the clarity of what the message [of the study] is. What's most important is that there's no room for generic radio commercials. To be effective at generating ROI, they [radio commercials] have to touch the consumer."
After the second study in 2005, Mr. Fries said: "The results of the study
expose a striking difference between what we think and what our clients
think." (Here is the "Radio Industry Media Accountability Study" presented at RAB2005
I think it's fair to say that Gary Fries appears to not have a grasp on the revenue generation portion of this industry.
Now let's look at how much effort has been put forth to improve radio and/or it's advertising. All are dead or dying:
Network Radio Compliance Council
Radio Communicators Group
Radio Heard Here
The HD Radio Alliance
Radio. You Hear It Here First
Less is More
Radio Creative Resource Group
HD Radio University
The International Broadcasters IdeaBank
Are you beginning to think that maybe this whole concept of "improving radio
ads" is a cyclic motion that means little to anyone who oversees the radio
industry? I got that feeling a long time ago, and it was reinforced when
radio could not create an effective way to sell HD Radio to the public. This
multi-year campaign was one bad creative concept after another, kept weak by
poor production; these two elements are pointing to why the online radio
industry desperately needs to avoid what the broadcast radio industry does
with its commercials, and offer Pay-Per-Action ads as its standard.
I fought the PPA format for years, back in the early 2000s. Said it was
going to lower CPM, which it did. Also said it put the onus of response on
the media, which is why agencies love to invest in running PPA. Why not get
all those extra impressions and only pay when someone responds?
I converted over a dozen years ago and started to digest exactly what it was
that radio could do with a Pay-Per-Action campaign.
First, face the fact that no matter how many people call for quality
creative in radio, nobody expects it.
Let's be frank; you have sales people
writing copy and handing it over to production directors who are responsible
for imaging and doing commercials for 4-6 stations. There simply is not
enough time to experiment in the production process - and it's this "time"
which produces quality radio commercials.
Anyone who believes that writing "compelling" copy is easy, or that it can
be done in one draft over twenty minutes, should be removed from the writing
process. My average time spent in writing an ad is 3-5 hours; that includes
the research and 8-10 rewrites. Then it's off to the production room where
another few hours can easily be spent fine-tuning delivery, while choosing
music and - if needed - sound effects (example ad
). And this is a strong reason why,
online, the radio industry should begin featuring Pay-Per-Action ads. Want a
reinforcement on that reason? It also lets you track and provide response
factors to the client, and allows changes to be made during the campaign to
Now that we have such a wide selection of stations online, this radio
industry must avoid offering to clients what its broadcast cousins are
failing so miserably at - advertising that doesn't work.
It's not the creative. You don't have time to do quality creative for even a
small portion of radio commercials.
It's not the production. Production directors are saddled with far too many
stations to produce quality in the scale needed.
It's not having sales people write scripts. Script writing is an arduous
process, and it requires someone skilled in words, marketing, and
conceptualizing a fresh approach.
This appeared at Audio Graphics September 13, 2004. It's still applies today.
Consumers are fairly easy to read. They'll even give you directions if you ask them, as we did in an RRadio Network survey. "What in a radio ad is most likely to get your attention?" was the question. The answers, provided by over 2,000 listeners of radio online, were:
Look closely at the response. The lowest scoring categories are those that are most used in radio advertising today [still].
Pay-Per-Action is a straight forward method of paying for a radio ad that
the radio industry has too long neglected to improve. It allows radio to
continue its down-and-dirty approach to "just get it on the air" that's become
a lexicon in radio. And it lets the online radio industry offer advertisers
something different: fact-based ROI.
Download a spreadsheet
that helps determine what you need to charge in a PPA campaign to keep your rates in-line with a desired CPM rate.
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